NOTICE: CDIAC as currently configured and hosted by ORNL will cease operations on September 30, 2017. Data will continue to be available through this portal until that time. Data transition plans are being developed with DOE to ensure preservation and availability beyond 2017.

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CDIAC Climate Holdings Containing Temperature Data

Global Data Sets

Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record
NASA GISS Surface Temperature (GISTEMP) Analysis R. Ruedy et al. (formerly Hansen et al.) Surface; annual time series of global, hemispheric, and zonal means 1880 - 2014
Global and hemispheric temperature anomalies - land and marine instrumental records P.D. Jones et al. Surface; annual and monthly time series of global and hemispheric means 1850 - 2014
Monthly surface air temperature time series area-averaged over the 30-degree latitudinal belts of the globe K.M. Lugina et al. Surface; annual, seasonal, and monthly time series of global, hemispheric, and zonal means 1881 - 2005
Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN); Vs. 1
(CDIAC NDP-041)
R.S. Vose et al. Surface stations; monthly means Varies by station; through 1990
Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) Vs. 2 and GHCNM Vs. 3
(Note: the above link takes you to NOAA's National Climatic Data Center website.)
R.S. Vose et al. Surface stations; monthly means Varies by station; some through most recent month
A Computer-Based Atlas of Global Instrumental Climate Data
(CDIAC DB-1003)
R.S. Bradley et al. Monthly, seasonal, and annual anomaly maps of surface temperature and 500 hPa geopotential heights Temperature 1854 - 1991;
500 hPa heights 1946 - 1991
Radiosonde Temperature Anomalies in the Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere for the Globe, Hemispheres, and Latitude Zones A.M. Sterin Upper air; annual and seasonal time series of global, hemispheric, and zonal means 1958 - 2005
Global, hemispheric, and zonal temperature deviations derived from a 63-station radiosonde network J.K. Angell Upper air; annual and seasonal time series of global, hemispheric, and zonal means 1958 - 2010
Global, hemispheric, and zonal temperature deviations derived from a 54-station radiosonde network (a subset of the above 63-station analysis resulting from removal of nine anomolous tropical stations) J.K. Angell Upper air; annual and seasonal time series of global, hemispheric, and zonal means 1958 - 2011
HadAT: globally gridded radiosonde temperature anomalies
(Note: the above link takes you to the U.K. Met. Office website.)
 
P.W. Thorne et al. Upper air; annual, seasonal, and monthly time series of global, zonal, and 5° latitude by 10° longitude grid box means
1958 - present

Regional Data Sets

Data Set Name Investigators Data Type/Format Period of Record
image M. Menne et al. Surface stations; monthly means and daily obs. Varies by station; through 2012
image D. Kaiser Surface stations;
High/Low Tmax, High/Low Tmin
1911 - 2010
Daily Temperature and Precipitation Data for 518 Russian Meteorological Stations O.N. Bulygina and V.N. Razuvaev Surface stations; daily means Varies by station; through 2010
Alaskan Historical Climatology Network (CDIAC DB-1004) T. Karl et al. Surface stations; monthly means Varies by station; through 1990
Daily Temperature and Precipitation Data for 223 Former-U.S.S.R. Stations
(CDIAC NDP-040)
V. Razuvaev et al. Surface stations; daily means Varies by station; through 2001
Six- and Three-Hourly Meteorological Observations from 223 U.S.S.R. Stations
(CDIAC NDP-048)
V. Razuvaev et al. Surface stations; 6- and 3-hourly obs. Varies by station; through 2000
Two Long-Term Instrumental Climatic Data Bases of the People's Republic of China
(CDIAC NDP-039)
S. Tao et al. Surface stations; monthly means Varies by station; through 1993
Area Averaged Temperature Time Series for China, India, and the United States
(Note: the above link takes you to NOAA's National Climatic Data Center website.)
C. Bruce Baker Surface; annual and monthly time series 1901 - 1998
A Databank of Antarctic Surface Temperature and Pressure Data
(CDIAC NDP-032)
P. D. Jones and P. A. Reid Surface stations; monthly means Varies by station; through 1999
Historic isotopic temperature record from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica J.R. Petit et al. Time series; proxy temperatures from ice core 420,000 years BP - present
Deuterium Record in an Ice Core from Dome C, Antarctica J. Jouzel Time series; proxy temperatures from ice core 740,000 years BP - present

07/2011