Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and
World Data CenterA for Atmospheric Trace Gases

Robert M. Cushman, Thomas A. Boden, Sonja B. Jones, Tommy Nelson, and Frederick W. Stoss
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center

Compiled by Marvel D. Burtis

Electronic Publishing by Karen N. Gibson

Environmental Sciences Division
Publication No. 4489

Date Published: January 1996

Prepared for the
Global Change Research Program
Environmental Sciences Division
Office of Health and Environmental Research
U.S. Department of Energy
Budget Activity Number KP 05 02 00 0

Prepared by the
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center
OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY
Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6335
managed by
LOCKHEED MARTIN ENERGY RESEARCH CORP.
for the
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
under contract DE-AC05-96OR22464


Contents

Introduction
Highlights
Statistics
Coming in 1996
Publications, Presentations, and Awards
Organization and Staff
Acronyms and Other Abbreviations



Introduction

Fiscal year 1995 was both a very productive year for the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and a year marked by significant change. The "Highlights" section in this report captures some of CDIAC's most notable accomplishments during the year.

As for change, I refer to both internal and external change. The issue of global climate change is still very much on the "front burner" in a scientific and policy setting: countries are still negotiating the details of adherence to the goals of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and the latest findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change underscore the gravity of the issue. At the same time, there is greater demand within the United States that agencies spending tax dollars on global-change matters provide the most focused, cost-effective research and services possible. CDIAC is constantly striving to deliver the best global-change data and information to a diverse user community in the most efficient manner. During the past year, we redoubled efforts to take advantage of the Internet (World Wide Web, file transfer protocol, and electronic mail) to respond to requests, advertise our products and services, and deliver data and information; that trend will surely continue. At the same time, we try not to leave behind those users who still prefer hardcopy to electronic products, who prefer to interact with us through telephone, fax, or "snail mail."

If you look over the organization chart and staff listing in this report, you will notice that some familiar names are missing. During the year, Tammy Beaty, Laura Morris, Bob Sepanski, Penny Sullenberger, and Russ Vose left CDIAC. Tammy became the geographic information systems coordinator for the ORNL Environmental Sciences Division (ESD). Laura left CDIAC for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive at ORNL, and subsequently moved to South Dakota. Bob stayed in ESD but began to work in the area of local environmental restoration. Penny took another job in the Knoxville area. And Russ went to Arizona State University for a position in the State Climatologist's office. At the end of the fiscal year,CDIAC also lost Don Lue, Debbie Shepherd, and Fred Stoss. Don is now in charge of computer system development for a local real-estate company. Debbie moved to the ARM Archive. And Fred returned to The University of Tennessee's Energy, Environment and Resources Center. We will miss them all. None of them can be "replaced," but we hope that, as new staff members join CDIAC, we can redefine what all of us do here at CDIAC to provide the best possible service to our user community.

Robert M. Cushman
Director, CDIAC


Highlights

The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) published seven numeric data packages (NDPs):












In addition to the aforementioned NDPs,CDIAC made available the following six on-line databases (DBs):

CDIAC published four global-change reports:













CDIAC published two issues in the DOE Research Summary series:














CDIAC published issue number 20 of its newsletter CDIAC Communications. This issue features a lead story about new estimates of 1991 carbon dioxide emissions; highlights a recent issue of the DOE Research Summary series concerning the heating and cooling effects of fossil-fuel combustion; describes two new numeric data packages, three other new data sets, and two new reports available from CDIAC; and announces the availability of other services and publications related to global change. CDIAC Communications is now mailed to approximately 10,000 recipients in more than 150 countries.






CDIAC developed two home pages on the World Wide Web: one for CDIAC (the URL is http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov), which provides access to all of CDIAC's data and information services and highlights its newest products; the other for the U.S. Global Change Data and Information System (GCDIS) (the URL is http://www.gcdis.usgcrp.gov), which provides access to the multiagency resources of GCDIS, the data and information component of the U.S. Global Change Research Program.



Statistics

Fiscal Year (FY) 1995

Total of 67,535 requests from
FY 1985 through FY 1995!


Requestors by Year



Coming in 1996

CDIAC is working on the following new or updated NDPs and hopes to have them available (both in printed format and on-line) in FY 1996:

New NDPs

Updated NDPs

We also hope to have the following databases in the CDIAC DB series on-line in FY 1996:

New Databases

Updated DBs

Trends Update

Although CDIAC probably will not be printing a hard-copy version of Trends during FY 1996, we hope to have the following chapters on-line:

We are also planning to have new issues of our newsletter, CDIAC Communications, and new issues in the DOE Research Summary series available on-line during FY 1996. Look for these on the CDIAC Home Page (request printed copies if you prefer and are not already on our mailing list) and look for enhancements in both appearance and functionality of the CDIAC and GCDIS home pages.


1Olson, J.S., J. A. Watts, and L. J. Allison. 1983. Carbon in live vegetation of major world ecosystems. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn.

2Houghton, R. A., and J. L. Hackler. 1995. Continental scale estimates of biotic carbon flux from land cover change: 1850 to 1980. ORNL/CDIAC-79. NDP-050. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn.


Publications, Presentations, and Awards

Publications

Andres, R. J., T. A. Boden, and G. Marland. 1994. Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel production in 1992. Transactions, American Geophysical Union 75:152.

Andres, R. J., G. Marland, T. Boden, and S. Bischof. 1995. Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel consumption and cement manufacture 17511991. An estimate of their isotopic composition and latitudinal distribution. In T. Wigley and D. Schimel (eds.), Global Change Institute, Aspen, Colorado. Cambridge University Press, (in press).

Andres, R. J., G. Marland, I. Fung, and E. Matthews. 1995. A one degree by one degree distribution of carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel consumption and cement manufacture. Global Biogeochemical Cycles (submitted).

Boden, T. A., G. Marland, and R. J. Andres. 1995. CO2 Emission calculations and trends. In Proceedings of the Greenhouse Gas Emissions & Mitigation Research Symposium. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. (in press).

Cushman, R. M., and B. M. Parra (comp.). 1995. Graduate student theses supported by DOE's Environmental Sciences Division. DOE/ER-0649T. Washington, D.C.

Cushman, R. M., T. A. Boden, S. B. Jones, T. R. Nelson, and F. W. Stoss. 1995. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data CenterA for Atmospheric Trace Gases: Annual progress report, fiscal year 1994. ORNL/CDIAC-76. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn.

Cushman, J., G. Marland, and B. Schlamadinger. 1995. Biomass fuels, energy, carbon, and global climate change. Oak Ridge National Laboratory Review (in press).

Kaiser, D. P., and V. N. Razuvaev. 1995. Cloud cover and type over the former USSR, 193683: Trends derived from the RIHMI-WDC 223-station 6- and 3-hourly meteorological database. pp. 41942. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Meeting on Statistical Climatology. University College, Galway, Ireland.

Kaiser, D. P., R. S. Vose, T. R. Karl, and V. N. Razuvaev. 1995. The distribution of cloud cover over the former USSR as derived from the RIHMI 223-station 3-hourly meteorological climatology database. pp. 8186. In Proceedings of the Ninth Conference on Applied Climatology. American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Marland, G., T. Boden, and R. J. Andres. 1995. Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel burning: emissions coefficients and the global contribution of Eastern European countries. Idojaras (in press).

Marland, G., T. Boden, and R. J. Andres. 1995. Fossil fuels and atmospheric carbon dioxide: Past, present, future. Geological Society of America. Abstracts with Programs. 27(2):7172.

Presentations

Boden, T. A. 1995. "CDIAC Data Activities." WMO CO2 Expert Meeting. Boulder, Colo., July 1995.

Boden, T. A., and R. M. Cushman. 1995. "Data Activities of the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data CenterA for Atmospheric Trace Gases." Data Center Directors Meeting. Asheville, N.C., August 1995.

Cushman, R. M., S .B. Jones, and F. W. Stoss. 1995. "Promotion and Outreach at CDIAC." GCDIS Data Centers Workshop. Oak Ridge, Tenn., September 1995.

Kaiser, D. P. 1995. "Quality Assurance, Documentation, Analysis, and Archival of Historical Climate Databases by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center." The U.S. Department of Energy and the People's Republic of China Joint Research on the Greenhouse Effect. San Francisco, July 1995.

Kaiser, D. P. 1995. "Variation in Cloud Amount and Sunshine Duration over the PRC, 195488." The U.S. Department of Energy and the People's Republic of China Joint Research on the Greenhouse Effect. San Francisco, July 1995.

Kaiser, D. P., and V. N. Razuvaev. 1995. "Cloud Cover and Type Over the Former USSR, 1936 83: Trends Derived from the RIHMI-WDC 223-Station 6- and 3-Hourly Meteorological Database." Sixth International Meeting on Statistical Climatology. Galway, Ireland, June 1995.

Kaiser, D. P., R. S. Vose, T. R. Karl, and V. N. Razuvaev. 1995. "The Distribution of Cloud Cover Over the Former USSR as Derived from the RIHMI 223-Station 3-Hourly Meteorological Climatology Database." Boston, January 1995.

Kozyr, A., T. A. Boden, S. C. Sutherland, and T. Takahashi. 1995. "Data Management Support Provided by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center for the U.S. Department of Energy CO2 Ocean Survey." 21st General Assembly of the International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans. Honolulu, August 1995.

Stoss, F. W. 1994. "Citation of Technical Data: Giving Credit Where Credit's Due." Practical Conference on Communication (East Tennessee Chapter of the Society for Technical Communication). Oak Ridge, Tenn., October 1994.

Stoss, F. W. 1994 "The National Library for the Environment: Implications for the Technical Information Community." InfoTech '94. Annual DOE Information Technology (TI) Conference. Oak Ridge, Tenn., October 1994.

Stoss, F. W. 1994. "Use of Bibliometric Analysis to Measure the Performance of the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center." InfoTech '94. Annual DOE Information Technology (TI) Conference. Oak Ridge, Tenn., October 1994.

Stoss, F. W. 1994. "CDIAC Data and Information in Support of the U.S. Global Change Research Program." National Actions for International Commitment: Evaluating National Climate Change Action Plans. Washington, D.C., December 1994.

Stoss, F. W. 1995. "Information Resources for Environmental Policy Research." Environmental Policy Workshop (Energy, Environment, and Resources Center and the Department of Economics, The University of Tennessee). Knoxville, Tenn., January 1995.

Stoss, F. W. 1995. "CDIAC Data and Information for Global Climate Change." Earth Fair '95: Celebrating the 25th Anniversary of Earth Day. Washington, D.C., April 1995.

Stoss, F. W. 1995. "The Global Change Data and Information System: An Overview." Global Change Data and Information: The Roles of Libraries. Chicago, June 1995.

Stoss, F. W., and S. B. Jones. 1995. "Quantification of Data Center Use." GCDIS Data Centers Workshop 1995: User Services. Oak Ridge, Tenn., September 1995.

Awards

Achievement Award for Newsletters
Society for Technical Communication, East Tennessee Chapter
February 1995

Certificate of Appreciation
U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Research
June 1995

Certificate of Appreciation for Continued Service
Organization for the Advancement of Environmental Concerns
January 1995


Organization and Staff







CDIAC Staff in FY 1995




Staff


Phone Number
(Area Code 423)

E-mail
(@ornl.gov; unless
stated otherwise)



Title

Thomas A. Boden

241-4842

tab

Director, WDC-A for Atmospheric Trace Gases; ecologist and task leader, Data Systems
Marvel D. Burtis241-4843 um6Editorial Assistant
Robert M. Cushman574-4791 rmaDirector, CDIAC
Richard C. Danielsa974-8297 r3dGeographic Information Systems Specialist
Sonja B. Jones574-3645 cdpTask Leader, User Services
Dale P. Kaiser241-4849 d9kMeteorologist
Alexander V. Kozyra974-8408 alex@alex.esd.ornl.govOceanographer
Donald L. Luee Personal computing specialist
Gregg Marland241-4850 gumSenior Scientist
Tommy R. Nelsonb574-0769 trnTask Leader, Computer Systems
Frederick M. O'Harac482-1447 ffoEditor
Deborah E. Shepherde241-4853 djeTechnical informaiton assistant
James W. Simmonsd574-1060 s4iWorkstation Specialist
Timothy W. Stamma974-8418 tstamm@utk.eduRequest-Response Associate
Frederick W. Stosse fstoss@acsu.buffalo.eduCommunications and networking coordinator
Cindy T. Woodarde Secretary

aEnvironment, and Resources Center, The University of Tennessee.
bComputational Physics and Engineering Division, ORNL.
cJAYCOR, Oak Ridge, Tenn.
dComputing and Telecommunications Services, ORNL.
eNo longer affiliated with CDIAC.

Acronyms and Other Abbreviations

AGAGEAdvanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment
ALEAtmospheric Lifetime Experiment (ALE)
ALE/GAGEAtmospheric Lifetime Experiment/Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment
ARMAtmospheric Radiation Measurement
13Ccarbon-13
14Ccarbon-14
CDIACCarbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center
CD-ROM compact disk, read only memory
CFCchlorofluorocarbon
CGCclimate global change
CH4methane
CMPcomputer modeling package
CO2carbon dioxide
DOEU.S. Department of Energy
EPAU.S. Environmental Protection Agency
ESDEnvironmental Sciences Division (of ORNL)
FTPFile Transfer Protocol
FYfiscal year
GAGEGlobal Atmospheric Gases Experiment
HCNHistorical Climatology Network
MMESMartin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc.
N2Onitrous oxide
NCDCNational Climatic Data Center
NDPnumeric data package
NOAANational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
ORNLOak Ridge National Laboratory
OSTIOffice of Scientific and Technical Information
PMELPacific Marine Environmental Laboratory
PRCPeople's Republic of China
SIOScripps Institution of Oceanography
U.S.S.R.Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
WDC-AWorld Data CenterA
WMOWorld Meteorological Organization
WOCEWorld Ocean Circulation Experiment