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Tables


Table 1a. (BACK TO TOP)
Broadleaf Forest Classes (GLC2000 Classes 1-3)

FAO
Ecofloristic Zone
Continental
Region
Frontier
Class
Carbon
Fraction
Root:Shoot
Ratio
IPCC
Aboveground
Biomass
Carbon
Value
Tropical
Rainforest
Africa Either 0.47 0.37 310 200
N and
S America
0.47 0.37 300 193
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.37 280 180
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.37 350 225
Australia 2 ave ave ave 199.5
Tropical Moist
Deciduous Forest
Africa 0.47 0.24 260 152
N and
S America
0.47 0.24 220 128
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.24 180 105
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.24 290 169
Tropical Mtn.
Systems
Africa 0.47 0.27 115 69
N and
S America
0.47 0.27 145 87
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.27 135 81
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.27 205 122
Tropical
Dry Forest
(also applies in
tropical desert and
tropical shrubland 1)
Africa 0.47 0.28 120 72
N and
S America
0.47 0.28 210 126
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.28 130 78
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.28 160 96
Australia 2 ave ave ave 93
Subtropical
Humid Forest
Africa2 ave ave ave 134
N and
S America
0.47 0.24 220 128
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.24 180 105
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.24 290 169
Australia and
New Zealand 2
ave ave ave 134
Subtropical
Mtn Systems
Africa 0.47 0.27 50 30
N and
S America
0.47 0.27 145 87
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.27 135 81
Europe 2 0.47 0.27 135 81
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.27 205 122
Subtropical Dry
Forest (also applies
in subtropical steppe
and subtropical desert1)
Africa 0.47 0.28 140 84
N and
S America
0.47 0.28 210 126
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.28 130 78
Europe 2 0.47 0.28 130 78
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.28 160 96
Australia 2 ave
wo Europe
ave
wo Europe
ave
wo Europe
96
Temperate
Oceanic Forest
Europe 0.47 0.23 120 69
N America 0.47 0.24 660 385
Australia and
New Zealand 2
0.47 0.24 360 210
S America 0.47 0.24 180 105
Temperate Continental
Forest (also applies in
temperate steppe and
temperate desert 1)
Asia and
Europe
Non-frontier 0.47 0.46 20 14
Frontier 0.47 0.23 120 69
N and
S America
Non-frontier 0.47 0.46 60 41
Frontier 0.47 0.23 130 75
Temperate
Mtn Systems
Asia and
Europe
Non-frontier 0.47 0.23 100 58
Frontier 0.47 0.23 130 75
N and
S America
Non-frontier 0.47 0.46 50 34
Frontier 0.47 0.23 130 75
Australia and
New Zealand 2
Non-frontier ave ave ave 46
Frontier ave ave ave 75
Boreal Coniferous
Forest (also applies
in boreal tundra
woodland and polar 1)
Global Either 0.47 0.39 50 33
Boreal
Mtn Systems
Global Non-frontier 0.47 0.39 13.5 9
Frontier 0.47 0.39 45 29


Table 1b. (BACK TO TOP)
Needleleaf Forest Classes (GLC2000 Classes 4&5)

FAO
Ecofloristic Zone
Continental
Region
Frontier
Class
Carbon
Fraction
Root:Shoot
Ratio
IPCC
Aboveground
Biomass
Carbon
Value
Tropical
Rainforest
Africa Either 0.47 0.37 310 200
N and
S America
0.47 0.37 300 193
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.37 280 180
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.37 350 225
Australia 2 ave ave ave 199.5
Tropical Moist
Deciduous Forest
Africa 0.47 0.24 260 152
N and
S America
0.47 0.24 220 128
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.24 180 105
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.24 290 169
Tropical Mtn.
Systems
Africa 0.47 0.27 115 69
N and
S America
0.47 0.27 145 87
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.27 135 81
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.27 205 122
Tropical
Dry Forest
(also applies in
tropical desert and
tropical shrubland 1)
Africa 0.47 0.28 120 72
N and
S America
0.47 0.28 210 126
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.28 130 78
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.28 160 96
Australia 2 ave ave ave 93
Subtropical
Humid Forest
Africa2 ave ave ave 134
N and
S America
0.47 0.24 220 128
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.24 180 105
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.24 290 169
Australia and
New Zealand 2
ave ave ave 134
Subtropical
Mtn Systems
Africa 0.47 0.27 50 30
N and
S America
0.47 0.27 145 87
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.27 135 81
Europe 2 0.47 0.27 135 81
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.27 205 122
Subtropical Dry
Forest (also applies
in subtropical steppe
and subtropical desert1)
Africa 0.47 0.28 140 84
N and
S America
0.47 0.28 210 126
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.28 130 78
Europe 2 0.47 0.28 130 78
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.28 160 96
Australia 2 ave
wo Europe
ave
wo Europe
ave
wo Europe
96
Temperate
Oceanic Forest
Europe 0.47 0.29 120 73
N America 0.47 0.20 660 372
Australia and
New Zealand 2
0.47 0.20 360 203
S America 0.47 0.20 180 105
Temperate Continental
Forest (also applies in
temperate steppe and
temperate desert 1)
Asia and
Europe
Non-frontier 0.47 0.40 20 13
Frontier 0.47 0.29 120 73
N and
S America
Non-frontier 0.47 0.29 60 36
Frontier 0.47 0.29 130 75
Temperate
Mtn Systems
Asia and
Europe
Non-frontier 0.47 0.29 100 61
Frontier 0.47 0.29 130 79
N and
S America
Non-frontier 0.47 0.40 50 33
Frontier 0.47 0.29 130 79
Australia and
New Zealand 2
Non-frontier ave ave ave 47
Frontier ave ave ave 79
Boreal Coniferous
Forest (also applies
in boreal tundra
woodland and polar 1)
Global Either 0.47 0.39 50 33
Boreal
Mtn Systems
Global Non-frontier 0.47 0.39 13.5 9
Frontier 0.47 0.39 45 29


Table 1c. (BACK TO TOP)
Mixed Forest Classes (GLC2000 Classes 6-8)

FAO
Ecofloristic Zone
Continental
Region
Frontier
Class
Broadleaved
Carbon
Value
Needleleaved
Carbon
Value
Carbon
Value
Tropical
Rainforest
Africa Either 200 200 200
N and
S America
193 193 193
Continental
Asia
180 180 180
Insular
Asia
225 225 225
Australia 2 199.5 199.5 199.5
Tropical Moist
Deciduous Forest
Africa 152 152 152
N and
S America
128 128 128
Continental
Asia
105 105 105
Insular
Asia
169 169 169
Tropical Mtn.
Systems
Africa 69 69 69
N and
S America
87 87 87
Continental
Asia
81 81 81
Insular
Asia
122 122 122
Tropical
Dry Forest
(also applies in
tropical desert and
tropical shrubland 1)
Africa 72 72 72
N and
S America
126 126 126
Continental
Asia
78 78 78
Insular
Asia
96 96 96
Australia 2 93 93 93
Subtropical
Humid Forest
Africa2 134 134 134
N and
S America
128 128 128
Continental
Asia
105 105 105
Insular
Asia
169 169 169
Australia and
New Zealand 2
134 134 134
Subtropical
Mtn Systems
Africa 30 30 30
N and
S America
87 87 87
Continental
Asia
81 81 81
Europe 2 81 81 81
Insular
Asia
122 122 122
Subtropical Dry
Forest (also applies
in subtropical steppe
and subtropical desert1)
Africa 84 84 84
N and
S America
126 126 126
Continental
Asia
78 78 78
Europe 2 78 78 78
Insular
Asia
96 96 96
Australia 2 96 96 96
Temperate
Oceanic Forest
Europe 69 73 71
N America 385 372 378.5
Australia and
New Zealand 2
210 203 206.5
S America 105 102 103.5
Temperate Continental
Forest (also applies in
temperate steppe and
temperate desert 1)
Asia and
Europe
Non-frontier 14 13 13.5
Frontier 69 73 71
N and
S America
Non-frontier 41 36 38.5
Frontier 75 79 77
Temperate
Mtn Systems
Asia and
Europe
Non-frontier 58 61 59.5
Frontier 75 79 77
N and
S America
Non-frontier 34 33 33.5
Frontier 75 79 77
Australia and
New Zealand 2
Non-frontier 46 47 46.5
Frontier 75 79 77
Boreal Coniferous
Forest (also applies
in boreal tundra
woodland and polar 1)
Global Either 33 33 33
Boreal
Mtn Systems
Global Non-frontier 9 9 9
Frontier 29 29 29


Table 1d. (BACK TO TOP)
Burnt Forest and Natural Forest Mosaic- (GLC2000 Classes 9&10)

FAO
Ecofloristic Zone
Continental
Region
Frontier
Class
Mixed Forest
Carbon
Value
Carbon
Value
Tropical
Rainforest
Africa Either 200 100
N and
S America
193 96.5
Continental
Asia
180 90
Insular
Asia
225 112.5
Australia 2 199.5 99.75
Tropical Moist
Deciduous Forest
Africa 152 76
N and
S America
128 64
Continental
Asia
105 52.5
Insular
Asia
169 84.5
Tropical Mtn.
Systems
Africa 69 34.5
N and
S America
87 43.5
Continental
Asia
81 40.5
Insular
Asia
122 61
Tropical
Dry Forest
(also applies in
tropical desert and
tropical shrubland 1)
Africa 72 36
N and
S America
126 63
Continental
Asia
78 39
Insular
Asia
96 48
Australia 2 93 46.5
Subtropical
Humid Forest
Africa2 134 67
N and
S America
128 64
Continental
Asia
105 52.5
Insular
Asia
169 84.5
Australia and
New Zealand 2
134 67
Subtropical
Mtn Systems
Africa 30 15
N and
S America
87 43.5
Continental
Asia
81
Europe 2 81 40.5
Insular
Asia
122 61
Subtropical Dry
Forest (also applies
in subtropical steppe
and subtropical desert1)
Africa 84 42
N and
S America
126 63
Continental
Asia
78 39
Europe 2 78 39
Insular
Asia
96 48
Australia 2 96 48
Temperate
Oceanic Forest
Europe 71 35.5
N America 378.5 189.25
Australia and
New Zealand 2
206.5 103.25
S America 103.5 51.75
Temperate Continental
Forest (also applies in
temperate steppe and
temperate desert 1)
Asia and
Europe
Non-frontier 13.5 6.75
Frontier 71 35.5
N and
S America
Non-frontier 38.5 19.25
Frontier 77 38.5
Temperate
Mtn Systems
Asia and
Europe
Non-frontier 59.5 29.75
Frontier 77 38.5
N and
S America
Non-frontier 33.5 16.75
Frontier 77 38.5
Australia and
New Zealand 2
Non-frontier 46.5 23.25
Frontier 77 38.5
Boreal Coniferous
Forest (also applies
in boreal tundra
woodland and polar 1)
Global Either 33 16.5
Boreal
Mtn Systems
Global Non-frontier 9 4.5
Frontier 29 14.5


Table 1e. (BACK TO TOP)
Forest /Cropland Mosaic (GLC2000 Class 17)

FAO
Ecofloristic Zone
Continental
Region
Frontier
Class
Mixed Forest
Carbon
Value
Carbon
Value
Tropical
Rainforest
Africa Non-frontier 200 100
N and
S America
193 96.5
Continental
Asia
180 90
Insular
Asia
225 112.5
Australia 2 199.5 99.75
Tropical Moist
Deciduous Forest
Africa 152 76
N and
S America
128 64
Continental
Asia
105 52.5
Insular
Asia
169 84.5
Tropical Mtn.
Systems
Africa 69 34.5
N and
S America
87 43.5
Continental
Asia
81 40.5
Insular
Asia
122 61
Tropical
Dry Forest
(also applies in
tropical desert and
tropical shrubland 1)
Africa 72 36
N and
S America
126 63
Continental
Asia
78 39
Insular
Asia
96 48
Australia 2 93 46.5
Subtropical
Humid Forest
Africa2 134 67
N and
S America
128 64
Continental
Asia
105 52.5
Insular
Asia
169 84.5
Australia and
New Zealand 2
134 67
Subtropical
Mtn Systems
Africa 30 15
N and
S America
87 43.5
Continental
Asia
81
Europe 2 81 40.5
Insular
Asia
122 61
Subtropical Dry
Forest (also applies
in subtropical steppe
and subtropical desert1)
Africa 84 42
N and
S America
126 63
Continental
Asia
78 39
Europe 2 78 39
Insular
Asia
96 48
Australia 2 96 48
Temperate
Oceanic Forest
Europe 71 35.5
N America 378.5 189.25
Australia and
New Zealand 2
206.5 103.25
S America 103.5 51.75
Temperate Continental
Forest (also applies in
temperate steppe and
temperate desert 1)
Asia and
Europe
13.5 6.75
N and
S America
38.5 19.25
Temperate
Mtn Systems
Asia and
Europe
59.5 29.75
N and
S America
33.5 16.75
Australia and
New Zealand 2
46.5 23.25
Boreal Coniferous
Forest (also applies
in boreal tundra
woodland and polar 1)
Global 33 16.5
Boreal
Mtn Systems
Global 9 4.5


Table 1f. (BACK TO TOP)
Shrub Cover (GLC2000 Class 11,12, & 15)

FAO
Ecofloristic Zone
Continental
Region
Frontier
Class
Carbon
Fraction
Root:shoot
R
Carbon
Value
Tropical Africa Either 0.47 0.4 46.00
N. and S.
America
0.47 0.4 53.00
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.4 39.00
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.4 46.00
Australia 2 0.47 0.4 46.00
Subtropical Africa 0.47 0.32 43.00
N. and S.
America
0.47 0.32 50.00
Continental
Asia
0.47 0.32 37.00
Europe 2 0.47 0.32 37.00
Insular
Asia
0.47 0.32 43.00
Australia and
New Zealand 2
ave ave 43.25
Temperate 2 Global 0.47   7.4
Boreal and Polar Global Non-frontier 0.47   3.0
Frontier 0.47   11


Table 1g. (BACK TO TOP)
Grassland (GLC2000 Class 13)

FAO
Ecofloristic Zone
Continental
Region
Frontier
Class
Carbon
Value
Tropical rainforest
tropical moist
deciduous forest,
and subtropical humid
Global Either 8.00
Tropical mtn. systems,
subtropical mtn systems,
and temperate oceanic
forests3
6.00
Tropical dry forest,
tropical shrubland, and
tropical desert
4.00
Subtropical dry forest,
subtropical steppe, and
subtropical desert
4.00
Boreal forest,
boreal tundra woodland,
boreal mtn systems,
and polar
4.00
Temperate continental,
forest, and temperate
mountain systems 3
4.50
Temperate steppe,
and temperate desert3
3.00


Table 1h. (BACK TO TOP)
Sparse Grassland and Grassland Mosaic (GLC2000 Classes 14 & 18)

FAO
Ecofloristic Zone
Continental
Region
Frontier
Class
Carbon
Value
Tropical rainforest
tropical moist
deciduous forest,
and subtropical humid
Global Either 4.00
Tropical mtn. systems,
subtropical mtn systems,
and temperate oceanic
forests3
3.00
Tropical dry forest,
tropical shrubland, and
tropical desert
2.00
Subtropical dry forest,
subtropical steppe, and
subtropical desert
2.00
Boreal forest,
boreal tundra woodland,
boreal mtn systems,
and polar
2.00
Temperate continental,
forest, and temperate
mountain systems 3
2.25
Temperate steppe,
and temperate desert3
1.50


Table 1i. (BACK TO TOP)
Other Classes

GLC2000 Class FAO
Ecofloristic Zone,
and Continental
Region, and
Frontier Class
Carbon
Value
16: Cultivated and
managed land
All 5.00
19: Bare Areas 1.00
20-23: Water, Snow
and ice, and artificial
surfaces
0.00


Footnotes (BACK TO TOP)

  1. Occasionally, land cover (GLC2000) forest pixels fell within ecofloristic zones (referred to as ecoregions hereafter) where GLC2000 did not logically match the ecoregion description i.e. GLC2000 forest class pixel within a tropical desert ecoregion. In such instances, we made best guesses as to the best carbon value to apply.
    • When a GLC2000 forest class pixel fell within a tropical desert or tropical shrubland ecoregion, we used the carbon value for tropical dry forest.
    • When a GLC2000 forest class pixel fell within a subtropical desert or subtropical steppe ecoregion, we used the carbon value for subtropical dry forest.
    • When a GLC2000 forest class pixel fell within a temperate steppe or temperate desert ecoregion, we used the carbon value for temperate continental forest.
    • When a GLC2000 forest class pixel fell within a boreal tundra woodland or polar ecoregion, we used the carbon value for boreal coniferous forest.
  2. Although their frequency was low, we encountered several instances where the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) tables lacked adequate information or did not match up with the input vegetation layers. In such instances, we applied a carbon value from the next best fit.
    • Australia and New Zealand were not fully described by the IPCC so we applied the global average carbon values except in the case of temperate oceanic forest in New Zealand, which we also applied to Australia.
    • For GLC2000 forest class pixels that fell within subtropical ecoregions in Europe, we used carbon values from GLC2000 forest class pixels falling within subtropical ecoregions in continental Asia.
    • For GLC2000 forest class pixels that fell within subtropical humid forest ecoregions in Africa, we used the global average carbon value for GLC2000 forest class pixels falling within subtropical humid forest ecoregions.
    • For GLC2000 shrubland class pixels that fell within any temperate ecoregion, we used the value from Mediterranean shrubland in Roy, et al. (2001) because no value for temperate shrublands was given by IPCC.
  3. The IPCC tables only defined carbon density values for grasslands in terms of temperature (i.e. tropical, temperate, etc.) and precipitation (wet or dry). Therefore we had to aggregate ecoregions to match the descriptions from the IPCC tables. In some ambiguous cases (e.g. precipitation regimes of mountain systems), we took the average of more than one possible case.
    • For GLC2000 grassland class pixels that fell within a tropical mountain system or subtropical mountain system ecoregions we averaged the IPCC values for tropical moist & wet and tropical dry.
    • For GLC2000 grassland class pixels that fell within a temperate oceanic forest ecoregion, we averaged the IPCC values for cold temperate wet and warm temperate -wet grasslands.
    • For GLC2000 grassland class pixels that fell within a temperate continental forest or temperate mountain system ecoregion, we averaged the IPCC values for cold temperate wet, warm temperate -wet, cold temperate dry, and warm temperate dry grasslands.
    • For GLC2000 grassland class pixels that fell within a temperate steppe or temperate desert ecoregions, we averaged the IPCC values for cold temperate dry and warm temperate -dry grasslands.

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