# 3b. Analyses of Certified Reference Solutions:

For the purpose of quality control of total CO_{2} determinations, SIO Reference Solutions (Batches # 12 and 13) were determined 758 times during the expeditions using the coulometer. Our shipboard analyses agreed with the SIO manometric values within 1.2 µmol/kg. Based upon this observation and the consistency of the results of this investigation and our previous expeditions, the overall precision of our total CO_{2} data is estimated to be about ±2 µmol/kg. The results of our coulometric determinations of the total CO_{2} concentration in the SIO Reference solutions are summarized and compared, in Fig. 3 and Table 2, with those of the manometric determinations made by C. D. Keeling of SIO. The difference between the mean values for these two independent sets of measurements ranges between -1.4 and +0.2 µmol/kg. The shipboard TCO_{2} measurements listed in this report have not been corrected for the differences to conform to the SIO manometric values.

## Table 2. Results of Analyses for the SIO Reference Solutions

WOCE sections | No. of SRM bottles and batch no. | No. of analyses (N) | LDEO-Shipboard TCO_{2} analyses (µmol/kg) |
SIO-manometric TCO_{2} analyses (µmol/kg) |
Difference (µmol/kg) |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

P-16S/P-17A | 73 (batch #12) | 166 | 1983.0±1.5 | 1984.3±0.7 (N=7) | -1.3 |

P-17E/P-19S | 90 (batch #13) | 233 | 2013.7±2.1 | 2015.1±0.6 (N=7) | -1.4 |

P-19C | 97 (batch #13) | 359 | 2015.3±1.9 | 2015.1±0.6 (N=7) | +0.2 |

Total | 260 | 758 | Mean Difference = | -0.8 |