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Data from Table 1, W.M. Post, and K.C. Kwon. 2000.

W.M. Post, and K.C. Kwon. 2000. Soil Carbon Sequestration and Land-Use Change: Processes and Potential. Global Change Biology 6:317-327.

Site history Years since agriculture Soil sample depth (cm) Rate of change
(g m–2 y1)
Reference
MAX AVG
Cool temperate moist forest
Cultivated to pine plantation 42 - 88 0 - 10 -8.56 -4.44 Pregitzer & Palik (1996)
42 - 88 30 - 40 -5.27 -2.78
Old field succession to northern hardwoods 1 - 60 10 16.03 15.06 Zak et al. (1990)
Long-term agriculture to oak forest 83 68.6 61.70 59.60 Jenkinson (1971)
Long-term agriculture to oak forest (P amended) 82 68.6 33.30 28.00 Jenkinson (1971)
Old field succession to mixed oak stand >250 15 28.30 9.40 Robertson & Vitousek (1981)
Old field to northern hardwoods >100 10 17.30 11.60 Robertson & Tiedje (1984)
Old field to managed pine plantation 10 - 50 15.4   65.66 Wilde (1964)
Abandoned field to mixed forest 2 - 65.5 42.8 23.90 2.15 Hamburg (1984)
Constructed dike to forest 100 12   26.30 Beke (1990)
Mine spoil to forest
  Harrison #1 21 22.9   50.09 Leisman (1957)
  Warren 32 22.9   19.90 Leisman (1957)
  Silver 41 22.9   38.40 Leisman (1957)
  Kinney 51 22.9   38.40 Leisman (1957)
 
Warm temperate thorn steppe
Grazing exclusion - shrub live oak 18 3.8   -9.44 Brejda (1997)
Grazing exclusion - mountain mahogany 18 3.8   -6.11 Brejda (1997)
Grazing exclusion - shrubless openings 8 3.8   12.78 Brejda (1997)
 
Warm temperate dry forest
New parent material to chaparral - oak 41 100   70.87 Ulery (1995)
New parent material to chaperral - pine 41 100   59.93 Ulery (1995)
New parent material to chaparral - chamise 41 100   25.43 Ulery (1995)
New parent material to chaparral - ceanothus 41 100   22.00 Ulery (1995)
 
Warm temperate moist forest
Old field to pine to hardwood succession 200 3 11.20 2.40 Switzer et al. (1979)
120 - 180 10 12.90 4.50 Montes & Christensen (1979)
Old field to pine-natural succession 40 - 60 5   2.94 Christensen & MacAller (1985)
      -4.41 Christensen & MacAller (1985)
      -14.12 Christensen & MacAller (1985)
~50 33   28.40 Schiffman & Johnson (1989)
50 - 70 17.8 22.60 11.81 Hosner & Graney (1970)
110 68.5 - 91.4 31.70 5.90 Billings (1938)
Old field to managed pine plantation ~50 33   24.80 Schiffman & Johnson (1989)
70 12.7 52.85 25.56 Coile (1940)
40 60   3.60 Richter et al. (1999)
 
Subtropical dry forest
Abandoned pasture 25 38.1 -20.36 -13.08 Smith et al. (1951)
Long-term agriculture to secondary forest 35 25   80.00 Brown & Lugo (1990)
Long-term agriculture to mahogany plantation 50 25   38.00 Brown & Lugo (1990)
 
Subtropical moist forest
Long-term agriculture to secondary forest 35 23   28.00 Weaver et al. (1987)
Long-term agriculture to secondary forest 100 50 300.00 105.00 Brown & Lugo (1990)
Coffee plantation to abandoned coffee shade 20 23   99.00 Weaver et al. (1987)
Forest plantation with intensive site preparation 2 - 34 43.5 566.71 -51.49 Gholz & Fisher (1982)
 
Subtropical wet forest
10-year-old crop fields to secondary forest 38 - 47 50 566.70 148.80 Brown & Lugo (1990)
Long-term agriculture to secondary forest ~35 23   98.70 Weaver et al. (1987)
10-year-old crop fields to mahogany plantation 51 50   310.00 Brown & Lugo (1990)
Coffee plantation to abandoned coffee shade 30 23   10.30 Weaver et al. (1987)
 
Tropical moist forest
Cultivated field to Eucalyptus plantation 11.5 55   12.17 Bashkin et al. (1998)
1 year clearing to forest plantation 10.5 100 -1569.60 -47.13 Sanchez et al. (1985)
Swidden agriculture (forest fallow period) 10 10 143.30 68.90 Aweto (1981)
Short-term cropping to forest fallow 50 40 740.00 61.20 Ramakrishnan & Toky (1981)
 
Tropical wet forest
Primary succession (P1) 126 1.5 3.36 1.18 Vitousek et al. (1983)