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Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions from Central America, South America, and the Caribbean Nations

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What countries constitute the region?

Central America, South America, and the Caribbean Nations map

Trends

The region "Developing America," as represented here, constitutes nearly 50 political entities, including Greenland, Bermuda, and the island nations of the Caribbean, in addition to all of Central and South America. Fossil-fuel emissions from the region have grown almost ten-fold since 1950 reaching 451 million metric tons of carbon in 2008. Only two countries (Mexico and Brazil) from this region appear in the inventory of the top 20 highest fossil-fuel CO2- emitting countries. Mexico and Brazil account for 52.6% of the 2008 regional total of 451 million metric tons of carbon and both emits more than 100 million metric tons of carbon. Other countries in the region now emitting more than 10 million metric tons of carbon annually are Argentina (52.4), Venezuela (46.2), Chile (19.9), Columbia (18.5), Trinidad and Tobago (13.6), and Peru (11.1). This is a region of great diversity. Liquid fuels account for 60.8% of the 2008 regional emissions. Coal burning is a notably small contributor in this region, accounting for only 7.6% of CO2 emissions; most occurs in Brazil, Mexico, and Colombia. Annual regional per capita emissions of CO2 doubled between 1950 and 1973 and have grown modestly since. Per capita emissions are high in many of the Caribbean islands (e.g., Aruba, Netherland Antilles, Trinidad and Tobago), with several exceeding 5.0 metric tons of carbon per person per year. Most of the larger mainland nations have lower per capita rates of fossil-fuel CO2 emission: Argentina (1.31 metric tons of carbon per person per year), Mexico (1.20), Chile (1.19), and Brazil (0.56).


CITE AS: Boden, T.A., G. Marland, and R.J. Andres. 2011. Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A. doi 10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2011