Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions from Centrally Planned Europe (Eastern Europe)
Centrally Planned Europe (CPE) is the only region of the world where releases of CO2 due to fossil-fuel use are generally declining. Despite annual increases the past five years that has raised CPE fossil-fuel emissions to 898 million metric tons of carbon, the 2008 level is indicative of early 1970s emission levels and well below emission levels of the late 1980s. Remarkable growth characterized fossil-fuel CO2 emissions for the period from the mid 1940s through 1988 in Eastern Europe. During 1989-90, CO2 emissions from Eastern Europe fell 7.9% to early-1980s levels. Since peaking in 1988 at nearly 1.42 billion metric tons of carbon, emissions have dropped 37% to 898 million metric tons of carbon in 2008. A portion of the decline is due to the unification of Germany and an artifact of our regional definitions (~85 million metric tons). Germany is now treated as a separate region whereas before our definition of Centrally Planned Europe included East Germany. The region now includes Albania, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the 15 republics of the former USSR. Per capita emissions have large variability across the region but are generally high and now average 2.40 metric tons of carbon per person per year. Coal has been the traditional fuel for the region and contributed 83% of the total fossil-fuel CO2 emissions in 1950. Most recently, use of gas fuels has increased dramatically, and since 1998 emissions from gas fuels have exceeded emissions from coal. In 2008, gas consumption accounted for 41.3% of CPE fossil-fuel CO2 emissions reaching 371 million metric tons of carbon.
CITE AS: Boden, T.A., G. Marland, and R.J. Andres. 2011. Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A. doi 10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2011