Indonesia Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions
Indonesia ranks 15th among fossil-fuel CO2 emitting nations in 2008 with 111 million metric tons of carbon. Emissions from the consumption of liquid petroleum products historically have been the primary source of fossil-related emissions and account for 36.6% of Indonesia's 2008 fossil-fuel CO2 emissions. Emissions from coal usage increased sharply in 2008 to 47 million metric tons of carbon surpassing emissions from liquid fuels for the first time in many years. Emissions from natural gas consumption, although quite variable, has risen steadily since the early 1970s and accounts for 15% of Indonesia's 2008 total emissions. With a population near 230 million people, Indonesia's per capita emission rate of 0.49 metric tons of carbon in 2008 is well below the global average but has grown five-fold since the late 1960s.
CITE AS: Boden, T.A., G. Marland, and R.J. Andres. 2011. Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A. doi 10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2011