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Kazakhstan Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions
Once among the world's twenty highest emitting nations, Kazakhstan now ranks as the world's twenty-fifth largest emitter based on their 2008 fossil-fuel emissions totalling 65 million metric tons of carbon. Since becoming an independent nation in 1992, emissions have dropped 9% due to declines in the consumption of coal and liquid petroleum products. Kazakhstan's 2008 per capita emission rate of 4.16 metric tons of carbon well exceeds the global average but is less than the 1992 peak rate (4.34).
CITE AS: Boden, T.A., G. Marland, and R.J. Andres. 2011. Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A. doi 10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2011