Table 6. RMS values of T anomalies (σ, deg. С ), lag 1 (one month) autocorrelation values ( τ(1)), and trend values (deg.С/decade), for the Global series of temperature anomalies in the troposphere and in the lower stratosphere, and for surface temperature.

 

Trends are estimated by the following methods:



Ordinary least squares method (OLS), standard error of trend estimates considering the autocorrelations in series, is given in parenthesis.


Robust M method


Robust MM method


Robust S method


Robust LTS (Least Trimmed Squares) method


(Explanation of row labels are the same as in Tables 2-4.)

 

Series

σ

τ(1)

Trend, deg. С/decade

 

OLS

M

MM

S

LTS

 

RIHT(GL,1979,1998)

0.13

0.72

0.03(0.05)

-0.01

-0.02

-0.03

-0.04

 

JONT(GL,1979,1998)

0.17

0.72

0.19(0.05)

0.17

0.17

0.16

0.16

 

UAHT(GL,1979,1998)

0.20

0.70

0.03(0.06)

0.07

0.05

0.04

0.01

 

RSST(GL,1979,1998)

0.22

0.79

0.21(0.08)

0.16

0.14

0.14

0.14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RIHT(GL,1979,2005)

0.13

0.69

0.04 (0.03)

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

 

JONT(GL,1979,2005)

0.18

0.66

0.17(0.03)

0.17

0.17

0.17

0.17

 

UAHT(GL,1979,2005)

0.20

0.69

0.05(0.04)

0.12

0.11

0.11

0.14

 

RSST(GL,1979,2005)

0.23

0.77

0.19(0.05)

0.19

0.19

0.19

0.22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RIHS(GL,1979,1998)

0.33

0.88

-0.43(0.10)

-0.44

-0.43

-0.43

-0.41

 

UAHS(GL,1979,1998)

0.50

0.81

-0.54(0.17)

-0.57

-0.56

-0.55

-0.52

 

RSSS(GL,1979,1998)

0.45

0.96

-0.50(0.19)

-0.44

-0.43

-0.43

-0.40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RIHS(GL,1979,2005)

0.39

0.86

-0.40(0.06)

-0.40

-0.38

-0.37

-0.36

 

UAHS(GL,1979,2005)

0.49

0.81

-0.42(0.10)

-0.40

-0.39

-0.38

-0.34

 

RSSS(GL,1979,2005)

0.43

0.95

-0.36(0.11)

-0.29

-0.27

-0.26

-0.22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RIHT(GL,1958,1998)

0.14

0.76

0.05(0.02)

0.05

0.05

0.04

0.03

 

JONT(GL,1958,1998)

0.20

0.78

0.10(0.02)

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.08

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RIHT(GL,1958,2005)

0.14

0.73

0.05(0.01)

0.05

0.05

0.05

0.06

 

JONT(GL,1958,2005)

0.22

0.76

0.12(0.02)

0.12

0.12

0.12

0.14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RIHS(GL,1958,1998)

0.33

0.86

-0.23(0.03)

-0.24

-0.24

-0.24

-0.21

 

RIHS(GL,1958,2005)

0.41

0.86

-0.26(0.03)

-0.26

-0.26

-0.26

-0.26